State-by-State Information

Key:

Has energy choice

Does not have energy choice

Electric Choice

Gas Choice

Alabama

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Alabama Public Service Commission

Alabama Office of Consumer Protection


Alaska

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Regulatory Commission of Alaska

Alaska Consumer Protection Unit


Arizona

No competitive energy supplier choice beyond a pilot electric choice program for the largest industrial customers.

Arizona Corporate Commission

Arizona Residential Utility Consumer Office


Arkansas

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Arkansas Public Service Commission

Arkansas Consumer Utilities Rate Advocacy Division


California

Electricity choice, known as “Direct Access,” is available for a capped percentage of commercial and industrial consumers in the Pacific Gas & Electric, San Diego Gas & Electric, and Southern California Edison utility territories.

Natural gas choice, known as “Core Aggregation” or “Core Transportation,” is available for residential and small commercial consumers at Pacific Gas & Electric, San Diego Gas & Electric, and Southern California Gas (SoCalGas).

California Public Utilities Commission

California Division of Ratepayer Advocates


Colorado

No electricity choice.

Colorado law allows natural gas utilities to offer choice programs to consumers, but to date no programs have been proposed by utilities.

Colorado Public Utilities Commission

Colorado Office of Consumer Counsel


Connecticut

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Connecticut Power & Light and United Illuminating utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available statewide for commercial consumers.

No natural gas choice for residential consumers.

Energize Connecticut (Energy Shopping website)

Connecticut Public Utilities Regulatory Authority

Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel


Delaware

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Delmarva utility territory and in the Delaware Electric Cooperative service territory.

Natural gas transportation choice is available for large commercial and industrial consumers in the Chesapeake and Delmarva utility territories.

No natural gas choice for residential consumers.

Consumer information on electric choice, list of certified electric suppliers

Delaware Public Service Commission

Delaware Public Advocate


District of Columbia

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Pepco territory, which encompasses the entire District.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Washington Gas Light territory, which encompasses the entire District.

List of certified electric and natural gas suppliers

District of Columbia Public Service Commission

District of Columbia Office of People’s Counsel


Florida

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available statewide for commercial and industrial consumers; however, volume requirements differ between utilities.

Natural gas choice is available for residential consumers at Central Florida Gas; election of a natural gas supplier is allowed during a limited annual window.

Florida Public Service Commission

Florida Office of People’s Counsel


Georgia

Electricity choice is not available for residential consumers.

Commercial and industrial consumers with loads of 900 kW or greater are eligible for electricity supplier choice.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential customers in the AGL utility territory.

Georgia Gas Marketers’ Pricing (comparison of prices offered by natural gas marketers)

List of certified natural gas suppliers

Georgia Public Service Commission

Georgia Office of Consumer Protection


Hawaii

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Hawaii Public Utilities

Hawaii Consumer Advocacy – Public Utilities


Idaho

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Idaho Public Utilities Commission

Idaho Consumer Protection Office


Illinois

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Ameren and ComEd utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Nicor, North Shore, and Peoples Gas utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available in the Ameren utility territory for commercial and industrial consumers only.

Plug In Illinois (Energy Shopping website)

Illinois Commerce Commission

Illinois Citizen Utility Board


Indiana

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the NIPSCO utility territory.

Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission

Indiana Office of Utility Consumer Counselor


Iowa

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Iowa Utilities Board

Iowa Office of Consumer Advocate (Utilities)


Kansas

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Kansas Corporation Commission

Kansas Citizens’ Utility Ratepayer Board


Kentucky

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and small commercial consumers in the Columbia Gas utility territory.

Kentucky Public Service Commission

Kentucky Office of Rate Intervention


Louisiana

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Louisiana Public Service Commission

Louisiana Office of Attorney General


Maine

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Emera and Central Maine Power utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for commercial and industrial consumers only.

Electricity Supply (competitive electricity provider comparison website)

Maine Public Utilities Commission

Maine Office of Public Advocate


Maryland

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Baltimore Gas and Electric (BGE), Choptank Electric Cooperative, Delmarva Power and Light, Potomac Edison, Potomac Electric Power Company (Pepco), and SMECO territories.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) and Washington Gas Light (WGL) utility territories.

Maryland Electric Choice (energy shopping website)

Maryland Public Service Commission

Maryland Office of People’s Counsel


Massachusetts

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Eversource (formally known as NSTAR and Western Massachusetts Electric Company), Fitchburg Gas and Electric, National Grid, territories.

Natural gas choice is available but participation is currently limited.

Let’s Go Shopping – For Electric Supply  (electric shopping website)

Choosing a competitive supplier (helpful resources for consumers)

Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities

Massachusetts Consumer Protection Division


Michigan

Electricity choice is available in the Consumers Energy and DTE Energy utility territories, but residential and non-residential consumer participation is capped at 10% of the utility’s previous year sales. Currently, there is a queue of consumers seeking to switch to a competitive supplier.

MI Gas (natural gas shopping website)

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Consumers Energy, DTE Energy, Michigan Gas Utilities, and SEMCO Energy Gas Company utility territories.

Lists of certified natural gas suppliers and electric suppliers

Michigan Public Service Commission

Michigan Office of Attorney General (Consumer Protection)


Minnesota

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

Minnesota Office of Attorney General (Utilities)


Mississippi

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Mississippi Public Service Commission

Mississippi Consumer Protection Division


Missouri

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Missouri Public Service Commission

Missouri Office of the Public Counsel


Montana

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and small commercial consumers in the Northwestern Energy and Energy West Montana utility territories.

Montana Public Service Commission

Montana Consumer Counsel


Nebraska

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the SourceGas utility territory during a two-week annual selection period.

Nebraska Public Service Commission

Nebraska Office of Attorney General (Consumer Protection Division)


Nevada

No competitive energy supplier choice for residential consumers.

Natural gas choice is available in a limited capacity for commercial and industrial consumers averaging more than 500 therms of gas a day.

Public Utilities Commission of Nevada

Nevada Bureau of Consumer Protection


New Hampshire

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Public Service Company of New Hampshire (PSNH), Liberty, Unitil Energy Systems, Inc. (UES), and the New Hampshire Electric Cooperative, Inc. (NHEC) utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for commercial and industrial consumers only.

New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission

New Hampshire Office of Consumer Advocate


New Jersey

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Atlantic City Electric, Jersey Central Power & Light, PSEG, and Rockland Electric utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers at Elizabethtown Gas, New Jersey Natural Gas, PSEG, and South Jersey Gas utility territories.

List of certified energy suppliers

New Jersey Board of Public Utilities

New Jersey Division of the Rate Counsel


New Mexico

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available by law but participation is currently limited.

New Mexico Public Regulation Commission

New Mexico Office of the Attorney General (Consumer Protection Division)


New York

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Central Hudson, ConEd, NYSEG, National Grid, Orange & Rockland, and RG&E utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Central Hudson, ConEd, Corning Natural Gas, National Grid (Keyspan Energy Delivery NY), National Grid  (Keyspan Energy Delivery LI), National Fuel Gas Distribution, NYSEG, National Grid (Niagara Mohawk),  Orange & Rockland, RG&E, and St. Lawerence Natural Gas utility territories.

Power to Choose (Energy shopping website)

ESCO Consumer Bill of Rights 

New York State Public Service Commission

New York Department of State (Division of Consumer Protection)


North Carolina

No competitive energy supplier choice.

North Carolina Utilities Commission

North Carolina Department of Justice


North Dakota

No competitive energy supplier choice.

North Dakota Public Service Commission

North Dakota Attorney General (Consumer Protection and Antitrust Division)


Ohio

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the AEP Ohio, Dayton Power & Light, Duke Energy Ohio, and FirstEnergy (Ohio Edison, The Illuminating Company, and Toledo Edison) utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Columbia Gas, Dominion East Ohio, Duke Energy, and Vectren Energy Delivery utility territories.

Energy Choice Ohio (Energy shopping website)

Public Utilities Commission of Ohio

Ohio Consumers’ Counsel


Oklahoma

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Oklahoma Corporation Commission

Oklahoma Office of Attorney General (Public Protection Unit)


Oregon

Electricity choice is available for commercial and industrial consumers using at least 30 kW per month in the Portland General Electric and Pacific Power utility territories.

Electricity choice is not available for residential consumers.

Natural gas choice is not available.

Oregon Public Utility Commission

Oregon Citizens’ Utility Board


Pennsylvania

Electricity choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Citizens’ Electric, Duquesne Light, Met-Ed, PECO Energy, Penelec, Penn Power, Pike County Light & Power, PPL Electric Utilities, UGI, Wellsboro Electric, and West Penn Power.

Natural gas choice is available for residential and non-residential consumers in the Columbia Gas, Peoples Natural Gas – Equitable Division, National Fuel Gas, PECO Gas, Peoples Natural Gas, Peoples TWP, Philadelphia Gas Works, UGI Utilities, UGI Central Penn Gas, and UGI Penn Natural Gas utility territories.

PAPowerSwitch (Energy Shopping website –  for electricity)

PAGasSwitch (Energy Shopping website – for gas)

Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission

Pennsylvania Office of Consumer Advocate


Rhode Island

Electricity and natural gas choice are available for residential and non-residential consumers in the National Grid utility territory.

List of certified electric and natural gas suppliers

Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission

Rhode Island Office of Attorney General (Public Utilities Regulatory Unit)


South Carolina

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Public Service Commission of South Carolina

South Carolina Department of Consumer Affairs (Consumer Advocacy Division)


South Dakota

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available for commercial and industrial consumers.

Natural gas choice for residential consumers is available by law but participation is currently limited.

South Dakota Public Utilities Commission

South Dakota Office Attorney General (Division of Consumer Protection)


Tennessee

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Tennessee Regulatory Authority

Tennessee Consumer Advocate


Texas

Electricity choice is available for  residential and non-residential consumers in the AEP Central, AEP North, CenterPoint, Oncor, Sharyland, and Texas New Mexico Power utility territories.

Natural gas choice is available for commercial and industrial consumers only.

Power to Choose (Energy Shopping website – for electric)

Public Utility Commission of Texas

Texas Office of Public Utility Counsel


Utah

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Utah Public Service Commission

Utah Office of Consumer Services


Vermont

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Vermont Department of Public Services

Vermont Department of Public Service (Consumer Affairs and Public Information Division)


Virginia

Electricity choice is available in the Appalachian Power and Dominion service territories for non-residential customers.

No electricity choice is available for residential consumers, unless consumer is seeking electricity from 100% renewable energy sources, and the local utility does not provide this option.

Natural gas choice is available in the Columbia Gas and WGL utility territories for residential and non-residential customers.

List of certified energy suppliers

Virginia State Corporation Commission

Virginia Office of Consumer Affairs


Washington

No competitive energy supplier choice.

Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission

Washington State Office of the Attorney General (Consumer Protection Division)


West Virginia

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available by law but participation is currently limited.

Public Service Commission of West Virginia

West Virginia Consumer Advocate Division of the Public Service Commission


Wisconsin

No electricity choice.

Natural gas choice is available in the Wisconsin Public Service utility territory for commercial and industrial consumers using more than 5,000 therms of natural gas per year.

Wisconsin Public Service Commission

Wisconsin Citizens Utility Board


Wyoming

No electricity choice.

Residential gas choice is available in the SourceGas utility territory.

Wyoming Public Service Commission

Wyoming Office of Consumer Advocate


Other Organizations:

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

National Association of Attorneys General (NAAG)
This website allows you to find the contact information for the Attorney General’s Office in your state.